追踪糖尿病

发自惠灵顿——我们的世界正在陷入一场糖尿病不断蔓延的漩涡之中。最近由马吉德·伊扎蒂与其伦敦帝国理工学院和哈佛大学的同僚们共同进行的一项重要研究显示:患有二型糖尿病鸟的成年人数量已经从1980年的约1.53亿上升到2008年的约3.47亿。而今年这个数字可能达到3.7亿。

虽然该疾病的散播速度在大洋洲最快而东亚最慢,但全球各地无一例外都受到了影响。从全球范围来看,二型糖尿病的增长是与肥胖水平的增长相一致的。

这毫不奇怪,因为体内脂肪的增长与体力活动的下降正是二型糖尿病(一型则相反)的直接成因。事实上,肥胖和缺乏运动所导致的大部分健康影响都会通过糖尿病来体现。

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