El Fallecimiento de los Parlamentos

Agosto es el mes en el que los parlamentos tienen tradicionalmente un receso de verano. Esto nos ofrece un momento para examinar por qué se encuentran tan débiles.

Hoy día, el Primer Ministro británico, Tony Blair, no es el único acusado de "presidencialismo" en Europa. El Canciller alemán, Gerhard Schröder, se enfrenta a la misma acusación en la actual campaña electoral de su país. Al Primer Ministro de Italia, Silvio Berlusconi, de hecho ni siquiera le agrada que lo llamen Primer Ministro. Puesto que es técnicamente presidente del Consejo (de ministros), insiste en utilizar el título de presidente. Francia, claro, es una democracia presidencial.

Para muchos, el término "presidencialismo" recuerda la constitución estadounidense, pero aquellos que sospechan que la tendencia actual es una faceta de la "americanización" de Europa, se equivocan. Los presidentes estadounidenses tienen poderes que son severamente restringidos por el Congreso a través de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos, representan sólo uno de una tríade de poderes que están separados por completo. Los "presidenciales" primeros ministros de Europa, en cambio, son lo que alguna vez un Lord Chancelor británico llamó "dictadores electivos".

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    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

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    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

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    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

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    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

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