Упадок во Франции?

Общеизвестно, что французы очень чувствительно - если не агрессивно - относятся к статусу Франции в мире. Французское государство тратит огромное количество денег на распространение французского языка и французской культуры, и все же французы мучительно осознают, что глобальное положение их страны не то, каким оно когда-то было.

Не удивительно тогда, что во время последних президентских выборов публикация доклада Европейской Комиссии, в котором утверждалось, что уровень экономического положения Франции упал с 3-го на 10-е место среди европейских стран в течение десяти лет, стала причиной душеисканий и споров. Вскоре президент Жак Ширак обвинял своего соперника, Лионеля Жоспена, в том, что он привел к «французскому упадку».

OЭКР и Евростат, европейский орган, отвечающий за такие данные, думали, что они положили конец этому аспекту споров, показав, что во Франции, Германии, Италии и Великобритании приблизительно одинаковый уровень жизни на душу населения. Но более глубокий спор не прекратился. Взволнованный разговор о «французском упадке» возник вновь с уличными протестами против пенсионной реформы в этом году, наращивая споры по поводу финансовой политики с Европейской Комиссией, и препираясь с Америкой по поводу войны в Ираке.

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