Imperativ slušné práce

NEW YORK – Během uplynulého desetiletí se řady nezaměstnaných celosvětově rozrostly na bezmála 190 milionů osob. Toto číslo zachycuje jen zlomek problému, protože 80% globální pracovní síly se nachází v neformálním sektoru, bez jakýchkoli dávek v nezaměstnanosti či jiné sociální ochrany. Odhaduje se, že přinejmenším 43,5% pracujících – 1,3 miliardy lidí – si nevydělá dost peněz na to, aby sebe a své rodiny dostali nad hranici chudoby ve výši dvou dolarů na den. Očekává se, že nedávné přepočty Světové banky ohledně chudoby toto číslo ještě zvýší.

Růst globálního hospodářství v posledních desetiletích – včetně poslední půle dekády, kdy se mnoha rozvojovým zemím dařilo celkem dobře – evidentně nevytváří dostatek slušných pracovních míst. A současné ekonomické a sociální politiky většinu tohoto deficitu nijak nekompenzují.

Kromě rostoucích počtů nezaměstnaných a podzaměstnaných se ve většině zemí také zhoršují podmínky pro zaměstnané, zejména pro dělníky s nízkým vzděláním a omezenými dovednostmi. Příležitostná práce, outsourcing a práce na smlouvu a subdodavatelskou smlouvu se celosvětově stávají normou, takže oslabují nároky pracujících a vyvolávají větší nejistotu zaměstnání.

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