be893a0446f86f380eac5e26_pa3644c.jpg Paul Lachine

Renminbi Rising

With little sign of improved economic fundamentals, rapid currency appreciation over the past month is a potentially dangerous development for China – in part owing to the risk of an abrupt and painful reversal. Indeed, after strengthening sharply, the renminbi could turn out to be a prime target for short sellers.

BEIJING – On October 26, the renminbi’s spot exchange rate against the US dollar reached the upper limit of its floating range for the second consecutive trading day. The rise began when the trading band for the renminbi’s dollar exchange rate was widened to ±1%, and has now reached an all-time high since 1994’s currency reform. With little sign of improved economic fundamentals, rapid currency appreciation is a potentially dangerous development for China – in part owing to the risk of an abrupt and painful reversal.

The renminbi’s rise over the past month can be attributed to greater global liquidity since the start of the third quarter, as policymakers have responded to the eurozone’s sovereign-debt crisis and stagnating output. Indeed, according to Morgan Stanley, monetary authorities in 16 of the 33 countries that it follows – including seven of ten advanced-country central banks and nine of 23 central banks in emerging markets – have either cut their benchmark interest rate or lowered reserve requirements.

After two rounds of quantitative easing (QE), the balance sheets of the European Central Bank and the United States Federal Reserve have grown to €3.2 trillion ($4.1 trillion) and $2.9 trillion, respectively. The ECB’s new outright monetary transactions (OMT) program in secondary sovereign-bond markets, and the Fed’s open-ended “QE3” continue this trend, while the Bank of Japan has expanded its asset-purchase program for the eighth time.

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

http://prosyn.org/ouRKsoj;
  1. haass102_ATTAKENAREAFPGettyImages_iranianleaderimagebehindmissiles Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images

    Taking on Tehran

    Richard N. Haass

    Forty years after the revolution that ousted the Shah, Iran’s unique political-religious system and government appears strong enough to withstand US pressure and to ride out the country's current economic difficulties. So how should the US minimize the risks to the region posed by the regime?

  2. frankel100_SpencerPlattGettyImages_mansitswithumbrellawallstreet Spencer Platt/Getty Images

    The US Recovery Turns Ten

    Jeffrey Frankel

    The best explanation for the current ten-year US economic expansion – tied for the longest since 1854 – is disappointingly simple: the Great Recession was the worst downturn since the 1930s. And if the dates of American business cycles were determined by the rule that most other countries apply, the current expansion would be far from beating the record.

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.