Mantener la calma respecto de Corea del Norte

CAMBERRA – El último ensayo nuclear de Corea del Norte es una mala noticia tanto para el Asia nordoriental como para un mundo que debe reducir su dependencia de las armas nucleares, pero una reacción internacional exagerada, que aumente la temperatura, en lugar de reducirla, y aproxime más esa región a una carrera de armas nucleares, haría que las malas noticias fueran aún peores.

La de “¡mantengan la calma y sigan adelante!",  famosa consigna con la que el Gobierno de Gran Bretaña instó a sus ciudadanos en 1939, es una recomendación que con frecuencia se presta a la parodia, pero es lo que debe suceder ahora.

La última acción de Corea del Norte sigue a un comportamiento a lo largo del último decenio que hace parecer al Irán positivamente comedido en comparación. Abandonó el Tratado sobre la no proliferación de las armas nucleares (TNP) en 2003; opuso resistencia a la celebración de negociaciones serias en el marco de las conversaciones a seis bandas establecidas aquel año por los Estados Unidos, China, Rusia, Corea del Sur y el Japón; ensayó artefactos explosivos nucleares en 2006 y 2009, con lo que violó la moratoria mundial; llevó a cabo una serie de ensayos de misiles cada vez más provocativos; hizo caso omiso de las resoluciones y sanciones del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas; hundió un buque de la Armada de Corea del Sur y en 2010 atacó con fuego de artillería una de sus islas; y mantuvo una corriente continua de retórica beligerante.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/0sflZQW/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now