La crise de la Gauche

Après une série de défaites électorales dans le monde entier, la Gauche est en crise. Pour qu'elle puisse se rétablir, certains gauchistes plaident pour un retour aux racines historiques de leur parti. D'autres soutiennent que les anciens mythes doivent être abandonnés en faveur d'une avancée audacieuse vers l'avant.

Ce débat se tient non seulement en France après la défaite des Socialistes en avril dernier, mais il caractérise également la situation politique des Etats-Unis après la défaite des Démocrates aux élections législatives de novembre dernier. Les deux partis sont confrontés au même dilemme et c'est précisément là où je veux en venir : la crise qui frappe la Gauche est une crise profonde et fondamentale.

Dans le passé, la Gauche possédait sa propre idéologie, sa propre théorie économique. Le mécanisme économique fondamental qui déterminait le mode de fonctionnement du monde concernait la lutte pour les loyers entre les ouvriers et les capitalistes. Avec cette vision du monde « nous contre eux », il n'était pas difficile de rallier des électeurs, des individus privés du droit de vote jusqu'aux classes moyennes salariées, en nombre plus que suffisant pour garantir une majorité électorale.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now