Pedro Molina

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CANBERRA – Velká recese z roku 2008 dosáhla i do nejvzdálenějších koutů zeměkoule. Tady v Austrálii jí říkají „GFC“ – „globální finanční krize“.

Kevin Rudd, jenž byl v době vypuknutí krize premiérem, sestavil jeden z nejlépe koncipovaných keynesiánských stimulačních balíků ze všech zemí světa. Uvědomil si, že je důležité jednat včas a s pomocí peněz, které se utratí rychle, ale že současně existuje riziko, že krize hned tak nepomine. První část stimulu proto měla podobu hotovostních grantů, po nichž následovaly investice, jejichž realizace trvá déle.

Ruddův stimul zabral: v Austrálii byla recese nejkratší a nejmírnější ze všech rozvinutých průmyslových zemí. Pozornost se však paradoxně zaměřila na fakt, že některé investiční prostředky se neutratily tak dobře, jak se utratit mohly, a také na fiskální deficit způsobený poklesem a reakcí vlády.

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