Panique à Copenhague

COPENHAGUE – Un vent de panique souffle sur les nombreuses personnalités qui font campagne pour des réductions radicales des émissions mondiales de carbone. Il est maintenant évident que la réunion de Copenhague dont on a tant vanté les mérites n'aboutira pas en décembre prochain à un traité international contraignant pouvant faire une nette différence en matière de réchauffement planétaire.

Après de nobles discours et de grandes promesses, les politiciens commencent à se renvoyer la balle. Les pays en développement reprochent aux pays riches l'absence de progrès. Beaucoup critiquent les États-Unis de ne pas avoir mis en place de législation sur l’échange de crédits d’émissions avant Copenhague. D’après le Secrétaire général des Nations unies, le président Obama aura probablement du mal à faire poids pour parvenir à un accord à Copenhague. D'autres blâment les pays en développement – en particulier le Brésil, la Chine et l'Inde – pour leurs réticences à signer des accords contraignants de réduction du carbone. Au bout du compte, tout le monde se voit reprocher l'échec qui se profile à Copenhague.

Pourtant, il est clair depuis très longtemps que le problème est plus profond : les promesses immédiates de réduction du carbone sont inutiles. Il y a 17 ans, les nations industrialisées promettaient en grande fanfare à Rio de Janeiro une diminution, avant 2000, aux niveaux de 1990 ; celle-ci a dépassé l'objectif de 12 %. À Kyoto, les dirigeants se sont engagés pour une diminution, avant 2010, de 5,2 % inférieure aux niveaux de 1990. L’incapacité à réaliser cet objectif sera probablement encore plus spectaculaire, les émissions allant jusqu’à environ 25 %.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9vjbFVy/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now