Panique à Copenhague

COPENHAGUE – Un vent de panique souffle sur les nombreuses personnalités qui font campagne pour des réductions radicales des émissions mondiales de carbone. Il est maintenant évident que la réunion de Copenhague dont on a tant vanté les mérites n'aboutira pas en décembre prochain à un traité international contraignant pouvant faire une nette différence en matière de réchauffement planétaire.

Après de nobles discours et de grandes promesses, les politiciens commencent à se renvoyer la balle. Les pays en développement reprochent aux pays riches l'absence de progrès. Beaucoup critiquent les États-Unis de ne pas avoir mis en place de législation sur l’échange de crédits d’émissions avant Copenhague. D’après le Secrétaire général des Nations unies, le président Obama aura probablement du mal à faire poids pour parvenir à un accord à Copenhague. D'autres blâment les pays en développement – en particulier le Brésil, la Chine et l'Inde – pour leurs réticences à signer des accords contraignants de réduction du carbone. Au bout du compte, tout le monde se voit reprocher l'échec qui se profile à Copenhague.

Pourtant, il est clair depuis très longtemps que le problème est plus profond : les promesses immédiates de réduction du carbone sont inutiles. Il y a 17 ans, les nations industrialisées promettaient en grande fanfare à Rio de Janeiro une diminution, avant 2000, aux niveaux de 1990 ; celle-ci a dépassé l'objectif de 12 %. À Kyoto, les dirigeants se sont engagés pour une diminution, avant 2010, de 5,2 % inférieure aux niveaux de 1990. L’incapacité à réaliser cet objectif sera probablement encore plus spectaculaire, les émissions allant jusqu’à environ 25 %.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9vjbFVy/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.