即将到来的全球能源革命

巴黎——

先不提人类繁荣问题,人类的未来,将主要依赖于我们如何应对两大能源挑战:一是获取可靠的、能消费得起的能源,二是转向使用高效的低碳能源。

国际能源机构发布的《2008年世界能源展望》一书描述了未来的情形,可供参考。书中没有提出新的政策,但预测在2030年之前,全球初级能源需求将以平均每年1.6%的速度增长,从相当于从现在的117.3亿吨石油当量增加到170.1亿吨石油当量,即在短短20多年的时间内增长45%。

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