Закрытие Америки?

КЕМБРИДЖ. Соединённые Штаты «зациклились» на обсуждении иммиграции. Штат Аризона недавно ввёл в действие закон, который предписывает местной полиции проверять иммиграционный статус людей, задержанных по другим причинам – и требует, чтобы иммигранты предъявляли доказательства своего легального статуса по первому требованию.

Администрация Обамы раскритиковала закон, религиозные организации протестуют, называя его дискриминационным, а федеральный суд издал временный запрет, постановив, что иммиграция – это вопрос федерального уровня. Несмотря на результат данного судебного дела, закон Аризоны оказался популярен в других штатах, и это показывает возрастающую значимость иммиграции как политической проблемы.

Если бы США замкнулись в себе и серьёзно ограничили иммиграцию, то возникли бы серьёзные последствия для позиции Америки в мире. При сегодняшнем уровне иммиграции Америка является одной из немногих развитых стран, которые могут избежать демографического спада и сохранить свою долю мирового населения, но это могло бы измениться, если бы реакции на террористические события или общественная ксенофобия закрыли границы.

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