El dueto climático China-Estados Unidos

BEIJING –Sin una colaboración activa entre Estados Unidos y China, no sólo se reducirán las posibilidades de éxito en las negociaciones que se llevarán a cabo en Copenhague en diciembre próximo para lograr un tratado que suceda al Protocolo de Kyoto, sino que será improbable que se pueda arribar a cualquier remedio de importancia para enfrentar el aumento de las temperaturas globales. Sin embargo, en la actualidad las conversaciones entre Estados Unidos y China muestran dos escenarios contrastantes, uno esperanzador y el otro desalentador.

En el primer escenario, las delegaciones de altos funcionarios de ambos países se mantienen en punto muerto, sin querer moverse un centímetro de sus posiciones inflexibles. Más aún, continúa la negativa de los países desarrollados -particularmente Estados Unidos- a asumir la responsabilidad por sus emisiones históricas de gases de invernadero, representando un punto de conflicto importante, puesto que estas emisiones superan con mucho las del mundo en desarrollo.

En el segundo escenario, miles de millones de dólares de paquetes de estímulo “verde” dan impulso a una carrera global que lleva al desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías energéticas y su implementación. Estados Unidos se centra en seis áreas clave de tecnologías limpias: técnicas y materiales de construcción eficientes, tecnologías de baterías, tecnología solar, captura y almacenamiento de carbono (CCS), matrices inteligentes, y vehículos eléctricos (EV).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/vxIwNv3/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now