美中气候二重奏

北京——

如果没有美中两国之间的积极合作,不仅今年12月份的哥本哈根会议上形成不了新的协议,以取代目前的京都协定,甚至任何有关全球气候的解决方案都不可能实施。美中关于全球气候变暖的谈判有两种可能相反的结果:一种是让人失望,而另一种是充满希望的结果。

让我们看看第一种结局,两国的高层代表的谈判陷入僵局,原因是双方立场鲜明,互不相让。由于发达国家,特别是美国,在减排方面的不作为,成为达成协议的一个主要障碍,要知道,从历史上来看,在碳排放量方面,发达国家要远远超过发展中国家。

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