Проблемы расширения ЕС

В течение более чем 50 лет европейцы разделяли стремление к более близкому экономическому сотрудничеству и политическим связям. Вступление десяти новых стран в Европейский союз ранее в этом году открыло последнюю и возможно самую драматичную главу в этом процессе. Расширение второго в мире по величине рынка предлагает исторические возможности для экономического обновления.

Но с расширением приходят и проблемы. Во время медленного роста, затяжного высокого уровня безработицы и трудных финансовых ситуаций в некоторых странах, понятно, что более давние члены ЕС иногда больше сосредотачиваются на потенциально опасных трудностях, чем возможностях.

Эти проблемы реальны, но решение их лежит в новых перспективах увеличенного ЕС: больше торговли товарами и услугами, интеграция рынков, лучшее распределение капитала и потенциально дисциплинирующий эффект на экономической политике от экономического объединения.

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