Проблема Чавеза

Недавние выборы в законодательный орган власти Венесуэлы подтвердили тенденцию, благодаря которой в последние годы страна неоднократно оказывалась в центре внимания мировых средств массовой информации. Президент Хьюго Чавез в очередной раз доказал, что пользуется широкой поддержкой среди беднейших слоев населения, а также то, что он намного опережает оппозицию в области политического искусства, хитрости и беспощадности. Однако в то же самое время явка избирателей уменьшается с каждыми новыми выборами при правлении Чавеза, и сомнительная справедливость избирательного процесса становится все более очевидной.

Надо отметить, что отказ оппозиции от участия в выборах всего за несколько дней до голосования действительно был, как заявил Чавез, скорее симптомом собственной слабости его соперников, нежели проблем с избирательным процессом. Но также несомненно и то, что эта самая слабость является результатом постепенного уничтожения многих черт традиционного демократического порядка Венесуэлы.

Однако даже при этом оппозиция допустила крупные ошибки, начиная с поддержки неудавшегося заговора против демократически избранного Чавеза в апреле 2002 года и заканчивая неудавшейся забастовкой на PEDEVSA – государственной нефтяной компании Венесуэлы в начале 2003 года. Ничто не является более фатальным в политике, чем потерпеть поражение в открытой конфронтации.

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