O guatemalských zločinech: případ Myrny Mackové

Mezinárodní tlak podpořil mírové dohody z roku 1996, které ukončily mnoholetou guatemalskou občanskou válku, a povzbudil Guatemalu, aby se vydala na cestu demokracie. Ovšem aby se Guatemala mohla těšit z plodů nové doby, nesmí globální snahy polevit. Bez jejich pomoci totiž země nezíská dostatek právní, soudní i politické odvahy, aby se dokázala vypořádat se svou minulostí.

K této minulosti patří i brutální vražda mé sestry Myrny Elizabeth Mackové-Changové, k níž došlo v roce 1990. V té době byla Myrnina vražda symbolem ukrutnosti šestatřicetileté občanské války, během níž vládní síly zabily na dvě stě tisíc Guatemalců. Dnes je ztělesněním nesplněných slibů naší demokracie. Dvanáctileté soudní martyrium v případu mé sestry podtrhuje neústupnost, a nikoli ústup, starého pořádku.

Myrna byla antropoložkou a studovala populace Mayů a dalších původních obyvatel Guatemaly, již byli během nejhorších let občanské války nuceni opustit domovy svých předků. Navštěvovala odlehlé oblasti a poslouchala vesničany vypravovat o tom, jak "jejich země lehá popelem". O tom, co viděla a slyšela, podávala zprávy. Stala se tak nepřítelem státu, neboť její práce odhalovala barbarskou politiku státu uplatňovanou vůči vyhnaným populacím, ukazovala zásahy státu v jejich pravém světle a požadovala obnovu základních lidských práv.

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