奥巴马身上的小布什印记

发自古巴关塔那摩湾——美国参议院近日举行了一系列听证会,用以评估如何处理仍被关押在关塔那摩监狱的240名囚犯,而小布什政府及其控制的国会所设立的军事法庭和关押制度将何去何从,亦在讨论的范围。同时国会针对这所监狱自身的去向也进行了辩论。因为事实上,这所监狱就是小布什政府的法律顾问为了关押那些所谓“最穷凶极恶”的囚犯而故意设立的“法外之地”。

但这些参议院听证会是否只是在为监狱里发生的新情况文过饰非,而这些新状况跟原来的情况一样遭——甚至在某种程度上更加恶劣?缺乏合法程序批准的军事法庭正如雨后的蘑菇般再次出现并投入运转。虽然奥巴马释放了一些囚犯,特别是那些维吾尔族人,而将另一些囚犯押往纽约接受真正的法律审判,但如今他的行为却似乎发生了180度转向,他似乎有意采用一项“防范性拘留”政策,这政策将赋予他在不起诉和审讯的情况下永远拘留不定数量囚犯的权力。

在一次对关塔那摩监狱的访问中,美国国防部发言人乔·德拉卫多瓦告诉我,已经有多个专责小组正重新审阅在押人员的档案,而整个过程将一直持续到今年年末。这个程序会把囚犯分成三类:第一类将在美国国内的刑事法庭接受审判;第二类将被释放并遣送到其他国家;剩下的一部分将是那些“既不能被释放也无法接受审判,因此将被无限期关押的……即所谓的‘防范性拘留’人员。”

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/NewVaoS/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.