Krabice, která změnila svět

Je 12 metrů dlouhá, 2,55 nebo 2,85 metru vysoká a 2,4 metry široká. Jejích 54 metrů krychlových doporučeného využitelného prostoru pojme až 29 tun zboží, jehož hodnota v maloobchodním prodeji činí přibližně 500 000 dolarů (nebo i více). Krabici i její obsah lze za měsíc dopravit kamkoliv na světě, kde mají vhodné přístavy, železnici, lokomotivy, plošinové vagony, kamiony, motorovou naftu a silnice.

Jedná se o moderní nákladní kontejner, v němž je možno přepravovat nekřehké trvanlivé zboží z jakékoliv moderní továrny vybavené nákladovou rampou do jakéhokoliv moderního skladu kdekoliv na světě za přibližně 1% maloobchodní ceny nákladu. Kontejnery lze skutečně přepravovat za marginální náklady ve výši okolo 5 000 dolarů – to je méně, než kolik činí cena letenky první třídy, jak uvádí Marc Levinson, autor výtečné knihy Krabice: Jak nákladní kontejner zmenšil svět a zvětšil světové hospodářství .

To vše se děje přibližně od roku 1960. Do té doby se mohly náklady na zaoceánskou přepravu většiny komodit snadno vyhoupnout na 10% až 20% maloobchodní ceny. Nákladní kontejner to všechno změnil.

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