Las raíces burguesas de la Revolución de Túnez

PARÍS – Túnez, uno de los 22 miembros de la Liga Árabe, está sumido en una crisis severa y profunda, si bien posiblemente tenga una resolución favorable. Es el país más pequeño del norte de África, pues su superficie es de 163.000 kilómetros cuadrados –más o menos el doble de la de Bélgica, Países Bajos y Luxemburgo– y tiene una población de 10,5 millones de habitantes.

Además, tiene mucho encanto y moderación en cuanto al clima, la historia y la cultura. En tiempos fue el pilar del dinamismo cultural y la influencia de la República y del Imperio romanos. Fue la primera región africana cristianizada, la tierra de San Agustín y la fuente principal del evangelismo católico en África. Originalmente, era sobre todo bereber y fue conquistada por los árabes e islamizada y durante siglos fue una colonia de la Sublime Puerta y, por tanto, turca.

Pasó a ser un protectorado francés, no una colonia –como en el caso de la vecina Argelia– en el siglo XIX. Esa diferencia explica la preservación, relativamente mayor, de las estructuras sociales y las tradiciones locales de Túnez.

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