波士顿的教训

普林斯顿—美国成长了。公众对波士顿马拉松爆炸案和犯案者身份的反应表明,这个国家与因2001年9月11日恐怖袭击而受到心理创伤、偶尔歇斯底里的国家大不相同了。当然,两起袭击的程度大相径庭——2001年数千人被杀,国家标志也被摧毁,而波士顿的爆炸案致三人死,约260人伤。但是,此乃2001年后第一次在美国发生的重大袭击,此时与彼时的对比颇具说明性。

就拿爆炸发生几分钟内社会媒体的强烈反应来说吧。小报《纽约邮报》(New York Post)发布了一系列骇人听闻的消息,说12人被杀,一名沙特籍人士在一家波士顿医院“被看护”。老牌记者和专栏作家马上予以反驳,质疑《纽约邮报》的消息来源,认为它没有确认它正在报道的内容。明尼苏达公共电台(Minnesota Public Radio)的米勒(Kerri Miller)发推特说,她在1995年报道了俄克拉荷马城爆炸案,一开始该案被当做煤气爆炸案报道,随后又成为外国恐怖主义袭击案,而最后则是国内极端分子干的好事。

如此谨慎和克制的直接原因是美国人集体认识到,2001年袭击后大量无辜的美国穆斯林因为美国人的无知和激愤而受到了不公待遇。事实上,同样令人震惊的是,大量专家认为波士顿爆炸案是土生土长的美国案件,与俄克拉荷马城袭击或去年12月针对康涅狄格州纽顿一年级学生的大屠杀更相似,而不是和2001年恐怖袭击更相似。2013年的美国已不是2001年的美国,如今美国人愿意在寻找外部敌人之前先做内省。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/7Ar24dM/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.