Paul Lachine

Проблема биоразнообразия

ЛОНДОН. Так как этот год объявлен Организацией Объединенных Наций Международным годом биологического разнообразия, и судя по необходимости проведения встречи Конвента по биологическому разнообразию в Японии, понятно, что проблемы окружающей среды, с которыми мы сталкиваемся, очень серьезны, и количество проблем постоянно увеличивается, а необходимость в их решении никогда не была столь неотложной.

Наши жизни и жизни всех других существ на планете являются частью биологического разнообразия и зависят от него. Проще говоря, биоразнообразие является системой жизни, включающей все организмы, которые можно найти во всех ареалах, от рыб в морских глубинах до птиц в тропических джунглях, и все, что находится между ними.

Разнообразие растений и грибков лежит в самой основе биологического разнообразия, и от них зависит вся остальная жизнь. Растения впитывают углекислый газ и производят кислород, таким образом обеспечивая воздух, которым мы дышим, и помогая нам регулировать климат. Они обеспечивают пищей, лекарствами, топливом, укрытием, чистой водой и удобряют почву. Растительное разнообразие сейчас поддерживает нас, и в будущем оно даст нам возможность адаптироваться, производить инновации и, в конечном итоге, выжить.

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