Nejlepší a nejbystřejší fanatici

V Británii a v Austrálii bylo po sérii neúspěšných útoků pomocí bomb nastražených v automobilech vzato do vazby několik muslimských lékařů a inženýrů. Zatčení těchto vzdělaných odborníků, společně s úlohou egyptského lékaře Ajmána al-Zavahrího coby zástupce hlavy al-Káidy, vyvolává otázky, jež jdou daleko za odcizenost mezi muslimy a důsledky nevydařeného dobrodružství Ameriky na Středním východě.

Vždyť lékaři a inženýři jsou profesní experti. Jde o zámožné a zavedené členy společnosti, ne o okrajové figury, u nichž bychom mohli očekávat, že se nechají stáhnout k zoufalým projevům násilí. Navíc pocházejí z vědeckého prostředí a věda obvykle nebývá spojována s náboženskou zaníceností ani s politickým fanatismem.

Samozřejmě že jen menšina horlivých muslimů obhajuje politické násilí a jen nepatrný počet muslimských odborníků odpaluje bomby. Nicméně přítomnost lékařů a inženýrů ve fundamentalistických hnutích bije do očí. Fundamentalističtí vůdci ostatně často pocházejí z odborného zázemí. Napříč muslimským světem jsou dobře známí lékaři organizující čtení písma v kroužcích lpících na doslovném výkladu i inženýři v čele islamistických politických stran.

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