La nuova era aurea della cartografia

MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIFORNIA – Noé Diakubama, un emigrante della Repubblica democratica del Congo che ora vive a Parigi, è uno dei più intrepidi pionieri del secolo. Utilizzando gli strumenti di mappatura online, ha realizzato la prima mappa del suo villaggio, Mbandaka, che lui e sua moglie hanno modificato oltre 100.000 volte dal 2009. Noé ha letteralmente messo Mbandaka – e i suoi abitanti – sulla mappa.

Noé non è l’unico pioniere di questo tipo. Esiste una crescente comunità di creatori di mappe online che creano mappe utili e accessibili di aree meno note – e che trasformano le vite delle persone nel farlo.

Durante l’Età dell’esplorazione, tra il quindicesimo e il diciassettesimo secolo, avventurieri come Cristoforo Colombo, Ferdinando Magellano e James Cook intrapresero viaggi pericolosi verso terre lontane, dalla Nuova Zelanda a Terranova, disegnando carte dettagliate dei loro viaggi. Con le nuove conoscenze geografiche, hanno allargato la visione del mondo delle persone, incentivato il commercio e aperto la strada alla Rivoluzione industriale.

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