Os Benefícios do IDE Chinês

BERKELEY – Num acto raro de consenso partidário, o Congresso dos Estados Unidos aprovou recentemente legislação para encorajar a entrada de mais investimento directo estrangeiro. Democratas e Republicanos concordam que o IDE, ou “insourcing”, é importante para os empregos e competitividade dos EUA. Têm razão.

Mas, mesmo enquanto propõem novas medidas para cortejar investidores estrangeiros, muitos membros de ambos os partidos no Congresso nutrem preocupações profundas sobre o IDE proveniente da China, por razões tanto de segurança nacional como económicas. Estas preocupações são injustificadas, e políticas discriminatórias de restrição de um tal investimento são imprudentes.

O governo dos EUA já tem controlos adequados em vigor para rever e impedir o IDE proveniente de todos os países, incluindo da China, que coloque riscos anti-concorrenciais ou de segurança nacional. Os investimentos que transpõem estes controlos beneficiam a economia dos EUA em numerosos aspectos e deveriam ser saudados.

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