Des Abou Ghraib chez nous aussi

Alors que de nouvelles images de prisonniers irakiens humiliés circulent à travers le monde, beaucoup de gens sont abasourdis et scandalisés. Comment des soldats américains ordinaires, qu'ils obéissent à des ordres ou qu'ils agissent de leur propre chef, peuvent-ils ne pas réaliser la bestialité de leur comportement, au point de paraître exulter de joie ?

Certes, tant la présence d'agents du renseignement militaire que le mépris du gouvernement Bush à l'égard du droit international ont accéléré la crise. Mais peu de commentateurs ont souligné que le lieu de ce théâtre macabre n'est pas un champ de bataille, mais une prison.

Les spécialistes du monde carcéral ne sont guère surpris par les rapports sur les événements grand-guignolesques qui ont filtré de la prison d'Abou Ghraib. Ils savent que les prisons sont des institutions autoritaires qui dressent les individus les uns contre les autres et engendrent des comportements qui apparaissent comme pervertis vus de l'extérieur mais acceptables, voire normaux, considérés de l'intérieur. C'est aux USA, le pays qui a plus de prisonniers au monde tant en valeur absolue que relative, qu'ont éclaté les scandales carcéraux les plus connus.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now