Атлантический раскол в черно - белом цвете

Никогда еще за последние десятилетия не возникало такой напряженности в отношениях между континентальной Западной Европой и Соединенными Штатами, какая наблюдается сегодня. Является ли истинной причиной нынешнего положения вещей кратковременное разногласие по вопросу войны в Ираке, или же трансатлантический идеологический раскол - явление более серьезное, приобретающее все более значительные масштабы и оставляющее мало надежд на скорейшее разрешение этой проблемы?

Мы считаем, что прежде чем дипломаты и эксперты начнут писать о расхождениях во взглядах между сторонами в этом разногласии, причины этих расхождений требуют серьезного размышления. По нашему мнению, трансатлантический раскол, прежде всего, отражает значительные различия в понимании, казалось бы, общих ценностей, однако здесь необходимо пояснить, что это не приведет, и не должно привести, к конфликту между двумя сторонами.

Существенные различия в ценностях между Америкой и Европой можно лучше всего продемонстрировать на примере американского и европейского отношения к таким вопросам как бедность, неравенство и "государство всеобщего благосостояния". Согласно данным Всемирной программы изучения ценностей (World Value Survey), в рамках которой было проведено специализированное социологическое исследование в 40 странах мира, для 60% американцев бедность ассоциируется с «ленью» - точка зрения, разделяемая только 26% европейцев. И, наоборот, 60% европейцев и только 29% американцев считают, что бедность - это состояние, выйти из которого очень сложно.

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