Искусство финансов

ПРИНСТОН – Знаменательное событие произошло в Лондоне в самом разгаре сентябрьского финансового обвала. В то время как лондонский Сити был потрясен крахом крупного американского инвестиционного банка Lehman Brothers и массовым изъятием вкладов из британского ипотечного банка HBOS, лондонский аукционный дом Sotheby’s (Сотбис) провёл аукцион работ художника Дэмиена Херста, который побил все рекорды, составив почти 200 миллионов долларов в общей сумме продаж. Цифра, незначительная по сравнению с суммами, уничтожаемыми в это время на Уолл-стрит, всё же свидетельствует о достойном удивления вотуме доверия к работе одного художника.

Любой финансовый бум, включая тот, который только что завершился явным крахом, тесно связан с миром искусства. Флоренция эпохи Возрождения многим обязана покровительству Медичи. Венеция 16-го столетия превратила богатства, вырученные в торговле пряностями, в полотна Тициана и Тинторетто.

Следующим крупным мировым центром торговли стал Амстердам, где преуспевшие бюргеры поощряли возникновение нового направления в искусстве, произведя эпоху Рембрандта. Немалую долю своего состояния вкладывали в искусство великие финансисты 19-го и начала 20-го столетий – Джон П. Морган, Генри Фрик и Эндрю Меллон.    

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