错误的抗火战争

坦普,亚利桑那州—描述全世界火情的最简单的话是太多错误的火,太少正确的火,总体而言太多火。错误的火比如刚刚夺去亚利桑那州19名消防员生命的大火、让东南亚笼罩在烟雾之下、烧毁社区、让生态系统受到污水污染、因在错误的时间燃起错误程度的烈焰而毁灭动植物的大火。正确的火是将地表烧掉合理程度而有利于生态的火。

矛盾的是,地球上可能火焰不足;但是,拜化石燃料所赐,燃烧显然是太多了。总体而言,发达世界好火太少,而发展中世界坏火太多。几乎所有观察家都认为这一局面会在未来多年中持续下去。

对此有何良策取决于我们如何描述这一问题。火悖论源于火的作用——自然过程的强大改变者。原因很简单:火不是生物,也不是实在物质,也不是地质事件(如飓风和地震)。火是生物化学反应。火能合成其周围物质。火的意义也来自于此。

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