Америка, которая может сказать «нет»

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – В начале этого месяца президент Кыргызстана Курманбек Бакиев поехал в Москву с протянутой рукой, чтобы попросить финансовую помощь. Чтобы скрасить свою просьбу, Бакиев объявил о том, что он потребовал, чтобы Соединенные Штаты закрыли свою авиабазу в Кыргызстане, которая пополняет запасы войск НАТО в соседнем Афганистане. Точно так же в конце прошлого года правительство Исландии попросило Россию о помощи, чтобы вывести из кризиса ее банковскую систему, в то время как пакистанский президент Азиф Али Зардари посетил Китай в надежде обеспечить крайне необходимое вливание наличных.

Некоторые наблюдатели цитируют эти эпизоды как доказательство падения международного влияния Америки. Но суть вот в чем: пока за исключением относительно небольших сумм, предложенных киргизам, Россия и Китай не предложили оказать крупную помощь.

Посреди шума о “постамериканском мире” многие наблюдатели видят сдвиг от международного порядка, в котором главная роль отводится США, к многополюсной системе, в которой такие страны как Китай, Россия и несколько других соперничают за глобальное лидерство по ряду общих проблем и рисков.

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