Co Amerika chce v Egyptě

PRINCETON – Spojené státy tvrdě kritizuje jak Muslimské bratrstvo, tak egyptská liberální opozice. Pro velvyslankyni Anne Pattersonovou, ministra zahraničí Johna Kerryho a jeho náměstka Williama Burnse, který se právě vrátil z Káhiry, je to náročné. Zároveň je to ale důkazem, že se USA snaží uskutečňovat správnou politiku.

USA dělají vše pro to, aby nepodporovaly konkrétní stranu, ale koncepci liberální demokracie, jejíž součástí jsou svobodné a férové volby a určitý režim vládnutí, který respektuje a zohledňuje menšinové názory a dohlíží na dodržování práv jednotlivců. Pokračování v tomto směru však bude vyžadovat, aby se USA postavily Izraeli a Saúdské Arábii.

Mladí lidé, kteří byli před dvěma a půl lety v čele egyptské revoluce, byli vůči Spojeným státům podezřívaví z toho prostého důvodu, že USA třicet let podporovaly režim bývalého prezidenta Husního Mubáraka. Z amerického pohledu se sice prezident Barack Obama od Mubáraka rychle odvrátil k egyptskému lidu, ale z káhirských ulic to tak nevypadalo. Když byl roku 2012 zvolen prezidentem Muhammad Mursí z řad Muslimského bratrstva, mnozí Egypťané předpokládali, že jej Amerika musela podporovat, protože si nedokázali představit, že by přijala výsledek, který si nepřála.

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