Margaret Scott

Přelud afghánské koncovky

STOCKHOLM – Během nedávné návštěvy Afghánistánu a Pákistánu jsem si nemohl nevšimnout stále častějších mezinárodních výzev ke „koncovce“ v Afghánistánu. Koncovka pro tuto zemi je však nebezpečnou iluzí: hra neskončí a dějiny také ne. Jedinou věcí, která by mohla dospět ke konci, je pozornost a angažmá světa v Afghánistánu, což by mohlo docela dobře vést ke katastrofálním následkům.

Značná mezinárodní pozornost se dnes soustředí na rok 2014, což je cílové datum pro dokončení postupného přenosu zodpovědnosti za bezpečnost z mezinárodních sil na afghánskou vládu. Tento proces má své problémy, ale není důvod nevěřit, že by se nedal dokončit víceméně podle plánu a současného časového harmonogramu.

Domnívám se však, že existuje další a mnohem kritičtější úkol, s nímž se Afghánistán bude muset v roce 2014 vypořádat: volba nového prezidenta. V systému, kde se kolem osoby prezidenta soustředí tak velká moc – otevřená i skrytá, ústavní i tradiční –, by se prezidentské volby mohly docela dobře proměnit v otevřený boj o budoucnost země.

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