公正的全球化

巴黎—20年前,1993年5月25日,联合国安理会成立了前南斯拉夫国际刑事法庭(ICTY),当时很多人认为这只是个无意义的姿态。当是时,波斯尼亚战争已经开始一年有余;萨拉热窝陷入重重包围;成千上万非军事平民丧生;还有数十万人被迫流离失所。

波斯尼亚塞族人——以及他们在塞尔维亚的支持者——似乎马上就要赢得战争,而联合国也没有采取行动拘留那些受控下令或执行暴行的人。事实上,一些人认为ICTY的成立只不过是军事干预的拙劣替代品,后者才是阻止屠杀所需要的行动。

在很长一段时间里,这一怀疑态度似乎被证实了。ICTY启动缓慢。联合国花了14个月才认命了首席检察官。又过了一年,首席检察官办公室才发布了南斯拉夫要员有严重罪行的起诉书。此时,斯雷布雷尼察约有8 000穆斯林男子和男孩被杀,这是二战以来欧洲最严重的大屠杀。

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