Thatcher y el Big Bang

LONDRES – En los Estados Unidos, para las personas de una edad determinada, Margaret Thatcher fue una superestrella, y a los estadounidenses les han sorprendido las opiniones tan divididas en Gran Bretaña, donde Thatcher gobernó durante once años. Sin embargo, los británicos no estaban asombrados. Al igual que Tony Blair, Thatcher ha sido durante mucho tiempo un producto británico que tiene más atractivo en los mercados extranjeros que en el interior.

Todos los aspectos de su legado se debaten seriamente. ¿Predijo los problemas de la unión monetaria europea o dejó aislada a Gran Bretaña en los confines del continente? ¿Creó un nuevo dinamismo económico o dejó terriblemente dividido a Reino Unido, más desigual y desunido? ¿Destruyó el poder de intereses creados y creó una verdadera meritocracia o  afianzó a los banqueros y entidades de financiación como la nueva élite, con consecuencias catastróficas?

En efecto, un asunto que se ha seguido muy de cerca son las reformas de la City de Londres emprendidas por Thatcher a finales de los años ochenta. En 1986, su gobierno fue decisivo en la creación de lo que coloquialmente se conoce como el “Big Bang”. Técnicamente, el cambio principal fue acabar con la “capacidad individual”, mediante la cual un corredor de valores podía ser el titular o un agente, pero no los dos.

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