Бесконечный эндшпиль Таиланда

БАНГКОК. Госпитализация короля Пхумипона Адульядет подняла самый острый вопрос Таиланда. Извращенная политическая борьба в стране за последние несколько лет, по сути, касалась того, что произойдет после окончания длящегося уже 63 года правления болезненного 81-летнего короля.

Эндшпиль Таиланда характеризуется несколькими ключевыми событиями: военным переворотом сентября 2006 года, существующей конституцией, поддерживаемой военными, и выборами 2007 года, уличными протестами и захватом Дома правительства и аэропортов Бангкока в 2008 году, управляемым армией коалиционным правительством премьер-министра Апхисита Ветчачива, который правит с января этого года, а также бангкокскими восстаниями в апреле. На кону находится душа развивающегося Таиланда с весьма серьезными последствиями для развивающихся демократий в других местах, а также для более широкого международного сообщества.

В разноцветный кризис в Таиланде в значительной степени вовлечены городские, консервативные и роялистские «желтые» рубашки против преимущественно сельских «красных» колонн бывшего премьер-министра Таксина Чинавата. За время длинного экономического бума последних двадцати лет богатство в основном осело в столичном регионе Бангкока, что благоприятствовало произрастанию городского среднего класса, однако это вызвало сильное возмущение сельского большинства.

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