Nuclear energy silos.

科学与可持续发展

维也纳——刚刚通过的可持续发展目标(SDGs)——目的是到2030年消除贫困、保护地球和促进所有人的繁荣——无疑可谓雄心勃勃。如果这一目标真要实现,世界最贫穷国家必须得到最先进的科学技术。幸运的是,世界在实现可持续发展目标过程中有好的榜样可以模仿:那就是和平利用核技术。

几十年来,国际原子能机构(IAEA)一直与联合国粮农组织合作,协助各国利用核能及相关技术实现提高粮食安全和促进农业发展的目标。比如在中国、印度和巴基斯坦部分地区,核技术已经在显著降低水土流失等方面发挥了重要的作用。秘鲁教授马里诺·罗梅罗利用辐射诱变等技术研制出的高产大麦品种现在已经占该国国内大麦种植量的超过90%。

但核能科学的应用远远超越了农业的范畴。萨尔瓦多目前正利用核技术监测其沿海水域的海洋毒素,上述毒素可能会对其至关重要的捕捞业构成威胁。

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