tablet technology Kohei Hara/Getty Images

Грядущие дебаты о политике в сфере технологий

СТЭНФОРД – В 2016 году в ходе предвыборной президентской кампании в США произошла утечка порочащей переписки с взломанных серверов Национального комитета Демократической партии. Что общего у этого события с длившимся больше часа, оглушающим воем сирен в городе Далласе, штат Техас? А то же самое, что объединяет северокорейскую ядерную угрозу и теракты в Европе и США. Всё это – негативная сторона новых технологий, которые в целом являются невероятно полезными. Подобные угрозы настоятельно требуют решительного политического ответа.

Примером нарастающего раздражения из-за новых технологий являются дебаты по вопросу о так называемой «сетевой нейтральности», а также спор между компанией Apple и ФБР по поводу разблокирования телефонов iPhone у подозреваемых в терроризме. Всё это не удивительно. Технологии приобретают всё большее значение, они влияют на всё, начиная с нашей безопасности (ядерное оружие и кибервойны) и заканчивая нашими рабочими местами (радикальные перемены на рынке труда из-за внедрения передового программного обеспечения и роботизации). Это влияние может быть и хорошим, и плохим, и потенциально даже ужасным.

Сначала о хорошем. Благодаря технологиям удалось полностью уничтожить ряд болезней, например, оспу, и почти полностью – ряд других, например, полиомиелит. Технологии позволили начать исследования космоса. Возросла скорость транспорта. Открылись новые перспективы в индустрии финансов, развлечений и во многих других. Благодаря сотовым телефонам подавляющее большинство населения планеты избавилось от проблемы отсутствия связи.

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