Paul Lachine

技术进步和收入不均

坎布里奇——

直到如今,无休止的技术竞赛和全球化的发展使得高技能劳动者大受青睐,也导致全球范围内收入和财富的差距之大前所未有。这场技术之争会不会最终演变为新型的阶级斗争:民粹主义的政府掌权,进行收入再分配,并且对于经济生活施以更多的国家控制?

毫无疑问,收入不均是全球范围内社会稳定的最大威胁,不管是在美国,欧洲外围国家还是中国都是如此。然而人们很容易忘记,如果让其发挥,市场力量可能最终起到稳定的作用。简单地说,高技能劳动者的收入越高,雇主们就越想找出能减少使用他们才能的方法(以降低人工成本)。

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