Возобновление надежд на технократию

СИНГАПУР – Доминирующим настроением в наши дни является пессимизм. После того как в прошлом году Дональд Трамп был избран президентом США, а Великобритания проголосовала за выход из Евросоюза, многие ожидают от 2017 года новых побед популистов и новых деструктивных решений. Добавьте к этому замедление мирового экономического роста и растущее геополитическое напряжение, и можно будет легко сделать вывод, что мир движется по той же дороге национализма и протекционизма, которая когда-то привела к Первой мировой войне.

Но в этом выводе упускается из вида главное. Подъём популизма является всего лишь симптомом неспособности политических лидеров отреагировать на экономическое недовольство избирателей. Вместо гнетущих размышлений о деградации демократии в руках политических лидеров, не способных выполнить обещания, которые они раздают разочарованным избирателям, мы должны попытаться найти лучшую форму управления государством, которая сможет решить проблемы избирателей. Я предлагаю прямую технократию.

Как я объясняю в своей новой книге «Технократия в Америке», в прямой технократии регулярные общественные консультации влияют на процесс принятия решений комитетами подотчётных экспертов. Такой подход сочетает в себе достоинства прямой демократии с выгодами меритократической технократии, которая опирается на факты при принятии долгосрочных, практичных решений. Проще говоря, прямая технократия – это комбинация хороших идей с их эффективной реализацией.

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