Investment business Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Por qué los recortes de impuestos para los ricos no resuelven nada

NUEVA YORK – Si bien los plutócratas de derecha de Estados Unidos pueden estar en desacuerdo sobre la forma como clasificar los principales problemas del país – por ejemplo, la desigualdad, el crecimiento lento, la baja productividad, la adicción a los opioides, las escuelas pobres y el deterioro de la infraestructura –  la solución que ellos ofrecen siempre es la misma: bajar los impuestos y desregular, para “incentivar” a los inversores y “liberar” la economía. El presidente Donald Trump confía en este paquete para hacer que EE.UU. sea grandioso otra vez.

Eso no ocurrirá, porque ese paquete nunca logró los antedichos cometidos. Cuando el presidente Ronald Reagan intentó aplicarlo en los años ochenta, él aseveró que los ingresos fiscales aumentarían. En cambio, el crecimiento se desaceleró, los ingresos tributarios disminuyeron y los trabajadores sufrieron. Los grandes ganadores en términos relativos fueron las corporaciones y los ricos, quienes se beneficiaron de tasas de impuestos drásticamente reducidas.

A Trump aún le queda pendiente la tarea de promover una propuesta específica de impuestos. Pero, a diferencia de lo que ocurre con el abordaje de su administración con respecto a la legislación de salud, la falta de transparencia en el caso de los impuestos no le será de ayuda. Si bien muchas de las 32 millones de personas que se proyecta perderán su seguro de salud bajo la actual propuesta, todavía no saben lo que se viene, eso no es cierto en el caso de las empresas que se verán perjudicadas por la  reforma tributaria de Trump.

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