Beer bottles on grassy lawn

掏钱吧,大污染者

雅加达—今年早些时候,缅甸暴雨所造成的泥石流将数百间房屋夷为平地,并大量毁坏农作物。超过130万人受到影响,100多人死亡。在越南,类似的洪涝灾害导致有毒泥浆从煤矿中渗出并泛滥,席卷多个村庄,并流入名列世界遗产清单的下龙湾,17人死亡。类似的天气事件变得日益频繁和剧烈,减轻和适应气候变化的需求比以往任何时候都要紧迫。

不要弄错了:这些事件至少部分是因为气候变化引起的。美国国家大气研究中心的气候学家凯文·特伦贝斯(Kevin Trenberth)指出,如今,“所有气候事件都受气候变化影响,因为它们的发生环境比从前更温暖潮湿了。”

从某种程度上说,国际气候谈判员认识到了这一点。缅甸和越南人民所面临的影响被认为是没能适应气候变化所造成的不可避免的代价,官方将其归为“损失和伤害”。但这样的用词并没有抓住后果的全部含义——特别是它们对人类生活的冲击。死于缅甸和越南天气事件的人不仅仅是“不可避免的代价”,他们的爱人也不可能只是“适应”失去他们。

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