Tariffs and Tortillas

Ever since Mexico’s so-called “Tortilla crisis” in January, street protests against food shortages and high prices, or against increasing taxes on agricultural production, have spread across the Caribbean and Latin America. But assuring food security can be achieved only with a new international regime of genuinely free trade for agricultural commodities.

BUENOS AIRES – Ever since Mexico’s so-called “Tortilla crisis” this past January, street protests against food shortages and high prices, or against increasing taxes on agricultural production, have spread from Haiti to Central American countries, and across Latin America. Governments have sometimes reacted with protective measures or macroeconomic initiatives, but in some cases with repression.

The paradox of Latin America’s food crisis is that, although the region is a major food producer, it sometimes needs to rely on imports to prevent sporadic shortages. According to the World Bank, Latin America and the Caribbean exported $55 billion of foodstuffs in 2006; yet the continent’s poorest families spend 50% of their budgets on food, and this at a time when Latin America has been experiencing its best economic performance since the 1970’s.

Food prices, which have shot up 83%, are not likely to start falling until after 2009. For Latin America, this is more than a challenge; it is an opportunity. The central challenge is political: correcting state policies formulated when resources, including oil, natural gas and food commodities, were not considered a driving force in the global economy. The key here is to avoid the trap of protectionism and international isolation.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/52Od6Pc;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.