Укрощение экономического шаманства

Американцы еще раз завершили сезон президентской кампании, в котором качество дебатов по поводу экономической политики было ужасным. Писаки, эксперты по связям с общественостью и многие люди на стороне Республиканцев, которые должны были знать лучше, внезапно выразили странную симпатию чему-то под названием “Текущий Демографический Обзор занятости среди членов одного хозяйства” в качестве воображаемого руководства для ежемесячных изменений на рынке труда. Обзор никогда не был для этого предназначен, но он придал наиболее благоприятный лоск ужасному отчету администрации Буша о занятости.

Те же самые писаки и пиарщики на стороне Демократов сосредоточили свое внимание как лазерный луч на плохих новостях о занятости в годы правления Джорджа В. Буша, игнорируя хорошие новости о выпуске продукции и производительности. И снова Республиканцы ответили с пристрастием, сосредоточившись на уровне безработицы, а не на количестве рабочих мест – как будто это хорошо, что отвратительный рынок труда с 2001 г. искусственно понизил количество людей, ищущих работу.

Точно так же Республиканцы многословно расхваливали сокращение налогов Буша – эквивалент которого отец президента Буша президент Джордж Х. В. Буш два десятилетия назад назвал “экономическим шаманством” – как высшую точку экономической мудрости. Они не обратили внимания на большую обузу, которую возложит на экономику Соединенных Штатов в течение нескольких следующих десятилетий нарушение Буша равновесия государственных финансов Америки. Демократы со своей стороны сделали вид, что сокращение налогов уже повредило экономике, когда они должны знать, что самый большой вред все еще впереди.

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