Comment contrôler les « criquets » que sont devenus les fonds d’investissements ?

Toutes les répercussions de la crise financière provoquée par les crédits hypothécaires à risque aux Etats-Unis ne sont pas encore connues, mais elle a déjà provoqué, comme effet collatéral, une demande pressante pour une transparence accrue, et une meilleure réglementation, des marchés financiers.

Les fonds spéculatifs et les fonds d’investissements ne sont pas soumis aux mêmes règles de transparence et de déclaration de situation financière que, par exemple, les banques et les fonds communs de placement. Ces fonds privés étaient autrefois relativement modestes. Aujourd’hui, les cinq fonds d’investissements les plus importants brassent  plus d’argent que les budgets annuels de la Russie et de l’Inde réunis. Les actifs des fonds spéculatifs et d’investissements s’élèvent actuellement à 3 mille milliards de dollars et devraient atteindre les 10 mille milliards à l’horizon 2010. Ces fonds comptent largement sur les investissements des fonds de pension et sur les liquidités empruntées aux banques et auprès d’organismes publics.

Les fonds privés représentent à présent près des deux-tiers de toute dette nouvellement contractée. Si un problème lié au crédit existe, comme dans le cas des « subprimes » aux Etats-Unis, il faut se demander quel en est la part de responsabilité des fonds d’investissements. Ils constituent, en bref, un véritable défi pour la stabilité financière et, à moins d’être réglementés, seront très probablement à l’origine de nouvelles crises financières.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/J2PMsLk/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now