Vencendo os Assassinos de Crianças

GENEBRA – Peça-se à maioria das pessoas para nomear as duas principais causas de morte entre as crianças, e serão provavelmente referidas a malária e o VIH. Na verdade, são a pneumonia e a diarreia – os “assassinos esquecidos” – as responsáveis pelo maior número de mortes, reivindicando todos os anos mais de dois milhões das vidas mais vulneráveis.

Em conjunto, estas duas doenças são responsáveis por 29% de todas as mortes de crianças com menos de cinco anos. Isso representa mais do dobro do total combinado do VIH e malária, e quase tantas como o conjunto de todas as outras doenças infecciosas, lesões, e condições pós-neonatais.

Porém, por mais chocantes que sejam estas estatísticas, o que é talvez ainda mais surpreendente é o quanto a pneumonia e a diarreia são evitáveis – tanto, que seria bem possível introduzir medidas que reduzissem o número de mortes a quase zero por volta de 2025. É precisamente isso que nos propomos fazer agora.

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