Un duro colpo ai “virus killer” dei bambini

GINEVRA – Se si chiedesse quali sono le due principali cause di mortalità infantile, la maggior parte delle persone risponderebbe molto probabilmente che sono la malaria e l’AIDS. In realtà la polmonite e la diarrea (malattie killer finite nel dimenticatoio) sono responsabili del più alto numero di decessi, e provocano infatti ogni anno la morte di più di due milioni di bambini, ovvero dei più vulnerabili.

Queste due malattie insieme rappresentano il 29% del numero totale dei decessi di bambini al di sotto dei cinque anni. Si tratta di una cifra pari a più del doppio del numero totale dei decessi che avvengono per AIDS e malaria insieme, e più o meno simile al numero di malattie infettive, lesioni e altre condizioni post-natali messe insieme.

Ciò nonostante, oltre allo shock che queste statistiche provocano, ancor più sorprendente è il fatto che sia la polmonite che la diarrea si possono facilmente prevenire, tanto più che sarebbe più che fattibile introdurre delle misure che ridurrebbero il numero dei decessi fino quasi a zero entro il 2025. E questo è proprio quello che ci siamo proposti di fare.

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