Kampf dem Kindertod

GENF – Die meisten Menschen würden auf die Frage, welche Krankheiten sie für die häufigste Todesursache bei Kindern halten, wahrscheinlich Malaria und HIV nennen. Tatsächlich jedoch gehen die meisten Todesfälle auf das Konto von Lungenentzündung und Durchfall – die „vergessenen Killer”- denen jedes Jahr über zwei Millionen der am stärksten gefährdeten Kinder zum Opfer fallen.

Zusammen sind diese beiden Krankheiten für 29 Prozent aller Todesfälle bei Kindern unter fünf Jahren verantwortlich. An Lungenentzündung oder Durchfall sterben also doppelt so viele Kinder wie an HIV und Malaria zusammen und nur etwas weniger als an Infektionskrankheiten, Verletzungen und anderen Krankheiten des Säuglingsalters insgesamt.

Doch so schockierend diese Zahlen auch sein mögen, noch überraschender ist wohl die leichte Vermeidbarkeit von Lungenentzündung und Durchfall – es wäre durchaus möglich, bis 2025 die Zahl der Todesfälle aufgrund dieser Krankheiten durch geeignete Maßnahmen auf beinahe Null zu senken. Genau das ist auch unser Ziel.

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