寄希望于长远的考虑

伯克利——

美国的失业率已高达10%。部分国家的人们担心赤字开支增长将引发政府债务危机。这无可厚非,财政政策也因此捉襟见肘。而在其它许多国家,人们混淆了短期周期性赤字与长期结构性赤字,使得财政政策止步不前。

与此同时,由于大众普遍反对进一步援助计划,银行政策被束缚了手脚。正当工资增长不断下跌时,杞人忧天的中央银行行长们却担心出现通货膨胀,货币政策便因此受到了影响。正如拉尔夫・霍特里(Ralph Hawtrey)口中大萧条时期的央行行长,他们是在诺亚遭遇洪水时大喊着火了!着火了!’”

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