Sympatie ke Greenspanovi

BERKELEY – V kruzích, ve kterých se pohybuji, panuje téměř všeobecný konsensus, že se americké monetární autority dopustily tří závažných chyb, které přispěly k finanční krizi a poté ji zhoršily. Tomuto konsensu téměř vždy předchází konstatování, že šéfové Federálního rezervního systému sloužili přinejmenším od dob Paula Volckera Spojeným státům dobře a že ti z nás, kteří v tomto křesle neseděli, vědí, že by se na jejich místě dopustili ještě horších chyb. Přesto tento konsensus tvrdí, že američtí monetární stratégové chybovali, když:

·    se rozhodli, že se vyhnou regulaci založené na principech, a nechali vyrůst stínový bankovní sektor, přičemž respektovali jeho transakce s vypůjčenými penězi i systém odměňování ve víře, že vládní záruky komerční bankovní soustavě postačí k tomu, abychom se nedostali do problémů;

·    se Fed a ministerstvo financí poté, co jsme se do problémů dostali, rozhodly znárodnit AIG a zaplatit její účty, místo aby podpořily její protistrany, což finančníkům umožnilo předstírat, že jejich strategie jsou v zásadě zdravé;

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