Швеция в кризисе

СТОКГОЛЬМ – После нескольких десятилетий более или менее стабильных правил и предсказуемых сценариев шведская политика в последние недели оказалась на неизведанной территории. Многие шокированы тем, что правительство ушло в отставку и вынужденно объявило о проведении досрочных выборы спустя всего два месяца после начала своей деятельности. А ведь Швеция была редким маяком успеха в Европе после глобального финансового кризиса 2008 года. Что же случилось?

Непосредственной причиной падения правительства стал отказ парламента принять предложенный левоцентристской коалицией бюджет. Депутаты предпочли бюджет, представленный партиями правоцентристского «Альянса», которые формировали предыдущий кабинет. Не сумев добиться одобрения своего первого бюджета (это произошло из-за внезапного решения крайне правых «Шведских демократов» поддержать бюджет «Альянса»), правительство просто не смогло сделать вид, будто ничего не случилось.

Данному эпизоду предшествовали сентябрьские выборы, которые «Альянс», образованный четырьмя партиями, проиграл после восьми лет у власти (я был министром иностранных дел в этот период). Правительство «Альянса» оценивалось многими как успешное; но восемь лет – долгий срок в политике.

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