Dean Rohrer

Hacia una humanidad sostenible

ADDIS ABEBA - Desarrollo sostenible significa lograr un crecimiento económico que sea ampliamente compartido y que proteja los recursos vitales del planeta. Sin embargo, nuestra economía global actual no es sostenible: el progreso económico ha dejado atrás a más de mil millones de personas y la actividad humana está causando un daño terrible al medio ambiente. Para alcanzar el desarrollo sostenible es necesaria la movilización de nuevas tecnologías que estén guiadas por valores sociales en común.

El Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, ha declarado con justicia que el desarrollo sostenible es una de las principales prioridades de la agenda global. Hemos entrado en un período peligroso en el que una enorme y creciente población, combinada con un rápido crecimiento económico, amenaza causar efectos catastróficos sobre el clima, la biodiversidad y el suministro de agua dulce del planeta. Los científicos llaman a esta nueva etapa el Antropoceno, en el que los seres humanos se han convertido en las principales causas de los cambios físicos y biológicos de la tierra.

El Panel de Sostenibilidad Global del Secretario General ha emitido un nuevo informe que describe un marco para el desarrollo sostenible. El PSG  señala con acierto que el desarrollo sostenible tiene tres pilares: erradicar la pobreza extrema, asegurar que la prosperidad sea compartida por todos, lo que ha de incluir mujeres, jóvenes y minorías, y proteger el medio ambiente natural. Podemos llamarlos los pilares económico, social y medioambiental del desarrollo sostenible o, de manera más simple, las "tres condiciones básicas” del desarrollo sostenible.

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